Golden Hats – unexplainable mysteries from an ancient past
Golden hats are a very specific and rare type of archaeological artifact from Bronze Age Central Europe. So far, only four such objects are known to the public.
The objects are made of thin sheet gold and were attached externally to long conical and brimmed headdresses which were probably made of some organic material and served to stabilise the external gold leaf.
The following Golden Hats are known as of 2012:
Berlin Gold Hat, found probably in Swabia or Switzerland, circa 1000–800 BC; acquired by the Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Berlin, in 1996.
Golden Cone of Ezelsdorf-Buch, found near Ezelsdorf near Nuremberg in 1953, circa 1000–900 BCE; the tallest known specimen at c. 90 cm.
Golden Hat of Schifferstadt, found in 1835 at Schifferstadt near Speyer, circa 1400–1300 BCE
Avanton Gold Cone, incomplete, found at Avanton near Poitiers in 1844, circa 1000–900 BCE
Modern astronomers are only beginning to understand the advanced calendars recorded on the hats. Their function is entirely unknown, and the construction methods cannot satisfactorily be explained with the technologies available.